By its seriousness, the Arab-Israeli conflict is the one that most affects the Union for the Mediterranean.  Following an armed conflict between Israel and Gaza from December 2008 to January 2009, the Arab group refused to meet at a high level, thus blocking all ministerial meetings scheduled for the first half of 2009.  The refusal of Arab foreign ministers to meet with their Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman also led to the cancellation of two ministerial meetings on foreign affairs in November 2009 and June 2010.  The sectoral meetings of the Union for the Mediterranean have also been affected by Israel`s treatment of the populations affected by the Israeli population under its control. At the Euro-Mediterranean Water Ministerial Meeting in Barcelona in April 2010, the water strategy was not approved, as it was a terminology disagreement over whether the territories claimed by Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese as “occupied territories” or “occupied territories” should be described as “occupied territories” or “under occupation”.  Two other ministerial meetings on higher education and agriculture had to be cancelled due to the same disparity.  To address this problem more carefully, it is useful to refer to the “Barcelona Agreement” and the majority is certainly not aware of it. On 28 November 1995, an agreement was signed in the European Union, which was never shared with the citizens of European countries and was never hidden from them. By these facts, not only have European politicians never attempted to share with their citizens the truth of the Barcelona Agreement, which was concluded behind closed doors, but all the groups and citizens who criticise this situation have been described as xenophobic and Islamophobic.
The situation is getting worse by the day and is now a problem for Europeans. At the time of the Paris summit, France – which was responsible for the EU presidency – and Egypt co-chaired. Since then, France has signed agreements with the various presidencies of the EU`s Red Government (Czech Republic, Sweden and Spain) in order to maintain Egypt`s co-presidency.  The renewal of the co-presidency should take place at the second summit of the Union for the Mediterranean.