I was in their room at Hillsborough Castle with the Taoiseach on November 15, 1985 just before they left to sign the agreement before the world. For me, she was in a state of palpable stress. I couldn`t help but remember Michael Collins` remark that he had signed his death order. But she came down and signed the thing and added some gracious words. The agreement was adopted by Seanad Iireann by 88 votes to 75 and by 37 votes to 16.   The Irish nationalist Fianna Féil party, the main opposition party in Ireland, also rejected the agreement. Fianna-Fiil leader Charles Haughey said the agreement was contrary to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution because it had officially recognised British jurisdiction in Northern Ireland. He was also rejected by independent Republican TDs Neil Blaney and Tony Gregory, as a “con job” agreement. Despite this opposition, all the other major parties of the Republic supported the agreement ratified by the Oireachtas. The final agreement was signed in November 1985 by Thatcher and FitzGerald in Hillsborough.
It contained the following points: such an attempt had already been made in 1973. In Northern Ireland, a power-sharing executive of Irish nationalists and trade unionists was established and Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave participated in discussions with British Prime Minister Edward Heath, which resulted in the Sunningdale Agreement. This agreement recognised that Northern Ireland`s relations with Great Britain could not be changed without the agreement of the majority of its population and provided for the creation of a Council of Ireland composed of both members of the D`il (the lower chamber of the Irish legislature) and the Northern Ireland Assembly. This agreement failed in May 1974 because of a general strike inspired by Unionist opponents of power-sharing. The British and Irish governments, which followed this vote closely, had some encouraging news. The two nationalist parties contested only the four districts where Catholics have a majority. SDLP candidates committed to the agreement and their vote increases increased by 19% compared to the 1983 parliamentary elections. Support for Sinn Fein, which is attacking the deal as a “sell-off” to the British, has fallen by 25%. Given that the political rationale for the agreement is to reduce the alienation of nationalists, the strong idea of the SDLP shows that this justification is reasonable. It is a unique mechanism between two countries that have inherited a historical conflict and which, in any other similar situation in the world today, would be almost unthinkable. One of the many striking examples where it could be useful if the parties could accept it themselves would be the almost directly comparable problem of Kashmir. It was created by the division of the Indian subcontinent in Pakistan and India, but left a large and dangerously alienated pro-Pakistan community in this part of India.